sexta-feira, 18 de novembro de 2011

Pampadromaeus barberenai

Pampadromaeus barberenai Cabreira, Schultz, Bittencourt, Soares, Fortier, Silva & Langer, 2011
Place: Santa Maria Formation, Alemoa Member;
Time: Late Triassic - Upper Carnian;
Size: 1,5m.
Etymology: . The generic name maximus means runner "from the Pampas", and specific name honours the Brazilian palaeontologist Mário C. Barberena.

New stem-sauropodomorph (Dinosauria, Saurischia) from the Triassic of Brazil
Sergio F. Cabreira, Cesar L. Schultz, Jonathas S. Bittencourt, Marina B. Soares and Daniel C. Fortier, et al.

DOI 10.1007/s00114-011-0858-0 Online First™, 14 November 2011
Post-Triassic theropod, sauropodomorph, and ornithischian dinosaurs are readily recognized based on the set of traits that typically characterize each of these groups. On the contrary, most of the early members of those lineages lack such specializations, but share a range of generalized traits also seen in more basal dinosauromorphs. Here, we report on a new Late Triassic dinosaur from the Santa Maria Formation of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. The specimen comprises the disarticulated partial skeleton of a single individual, including most of the skull bones. Based on four phylogenetic analyses, the new dinosaur fits consistently on the sauropodomorph stem, but lacks several typical features of sauropodomorphs, showing dinosaur plesiomorphies together with some neotheropod traits. This is not an exception among basal dinosaurs, the early radiation of which is characterized by a mosaic pattern of character acquisition, resulting in the uncertain phylogenetic placement of various early members of the group.

segunda-feira, 31 de outubro de 2011

Aeolosaurus maximus

Aeolosaurus maximus Santucci & Arruda-Campos,  2011

Place: Adamantina Formation, near Monte Alto, Sao Paulo State;
Time: Late Cretaceous - Campanian-Maastrichtian;
Size: 16m.
Etymology: . The specific name maximus means biggest.

Santucci, R.M., & A.C. de Arruda-Campos. 2011. A new sauropod (Macronaria, Titanosauria) from the Adamantina Formation, Bauru Group, Upper Cretaceous of Brazil and the phylogenetic relationships of Aeolosaurini. Zootaxa 3085:1-33.

quinta-feira, 17 de março de 2011

Oxalaia quilombensis

Oxalaia quilombensis xx, 2011

Place: Alcântara Formation, Itapecuru Group, Parnaíba Basin, Itapecuru-Mirim, Maranhão State
Time: Cenomanian, Early Cretaceous;
Size: 14-15m;
Taxonomy: Theropoda, Tetanurae, Spinosauroidea, Spinosauridae.

KELLNER, Alexander WA. et al. A new dinosaur (Theropoda, Spinosauridae) from the Cretaceous (Cenomanian) Alcântara Formation, Cajual Island, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2011, vol.83, n.1, pp. 99-108. ISSN 0001-3765.

A new spinosaurid taxon, Oxalaia quilombensis gen. et sp. nov., is described based on the anterior part of a snout and a fragment of a maxilla. These specimens were collected at the Laje do Coringa site, Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian) of the São Luis Basin. Unlike Cristatusaurus and Suchomimus, Oxalaia quilombensis lacks serrations on the teeth. The new species differs from Angaturama limai by having the anterior part of the premaxillae more expanded and by lacking a sagittal premaxillary crest. It further differs from Spinosaurus cf. S. aegyptiacus and the Algerian spinosaurid by the rounder shape of the terminal expansion. Furthermore, xalaia quilobensis has one functional tooth followed by two replacement teeth, a feature not previously observed in theropods. Oxalaia quilombensis appears to be more closely related to the spinosaurids found in North Africa than to the Brazilian members of this clade and thus further increases the diversity of these enigmatic predatory dinosaurs in this country.

terça-feira, 8 de fevereiro de 2011

Tapuiasaurus macedoi

Tapuiasaurus macedoi Zaher, Pol, Carvalho, Nascimento, Riccomini, Larson, Juarez-Valieri, Pires-Domingues, Silva Jr & Campos, 2011

Place: Quiricó Formation, near Coração de Jesus, Minas Gerais State;
Time: Early Cretaceous - Aptian;
Size: ?.
Etymology: From ‘‘Tapuia’’, a generic name from the Jês indigenous language family used to designate tribes that inhabited the inner regions of Brazil, and sauros, Greek for lizard. The
specific name honors Ubirajara Alves Macedo, who first discovered the deposits near Coração de Jesus.

Zaher H, Pol D, Carvalho AB, Nascimento PM, Riccomini C, et al. 2011 A Complete Skull of an Early Cretaceous Sauropod and the Evolution of Advanced Titanosaurians. PLoS ONE 6(2): e16663. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0016663

Original Abstract:
Advanced titanosaurian sauropods, such as nemegtosaurids and saltasaurids, were diverse and one of the most important groups of herbivores in the terrestrial biotas of the Late Cretaceous. However, little is known about their rise and diversification prior to the Late Cretaceous. Furthermore, the evolution of their highly-modified skull anatomy has been largely hindered by the scarcity of well-preserved cranial remains. A new sauropod dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous of Brazil represents the earliest advanced titanosaurian known to date, demonstrating that the initial diversification of advanced titanosaurians was well under way at least 30 million years before their known radiation in the latest Cretaceous. The new taxon also preserves the most complete skull among titanosaurians, further revealing that their low and elongated diplodocid-like skull morphology appeared much earlier than previously thought.